Puppy Socialization: How to Socialize a Puppy Properly?

Last Updated on June, 2023

Socialization, one of the most important things that you as a dog owner need to do, is a process that starts on the very day that your pup enters your home. 

It is crucial in order to help you understand how they react and interact with other people in their environment. In addition, this gives you an idea of what type of training strategies need to be implemented for dealing with specific situations like aggression, anxiety, dominance, or friendliness towards strangers or animals. 

Puppy socialization also helps teach a positive approach with urgency as well as social skills such as interaction and communication through body language, which promotes better overall behavior and allows them to be more comfortable around other people and animals.

Learn why, when, and how to socialize your new furry ball.

Here are the 3 key points from this article:

  1. Socialization is crucial for puppies, and should start as soon as possible. 
  2. Socialization allows puppies to learn appropriate habits and how to respond to new stimuli. 
  3. Socialization should be an ongoing process throughout a puppy’s life.

TLDR: Socialize your puppy as soon as possible to prevent behavioral issues later on. Vaccinate your puppy before taking him out in public. Socialize your puppy in a variety of environments with different people and animals.

What is Puppy Socialization?

Puppies playing

Puppy socialization is the process of training your puppy or puppies on how to behave appropriately around other animals, objects, people, and situations. Socialization can occur with a puppy in its home environment with family members. It is a vital step in the training process and should begin as soon as possible.

Why Socializing Your Puppy Is Important?

Puppies Playing

Puppies learn from interacting with their environment, and this socialization period is the time when habits, both good and bad, are established. Therefore, it is vital to expose your puppy to lots of different experiences during socialization. 

This allows your puppy a greater chance of responding to new stimuli appropriately based on previous experiences. Socialization should be an ongoing process throughout your puppy’s life.

The rule of thumb for socializing puppies is: The more you can expose them to in terms of people and experiences, the better prepared they will be for anything that comes along later in life.

An unsocialized puppy will be fearful and anxious about anything they’re unfamiliar with. Even a shopping cart or a trash bag can make an unsocialized cover and run away. It can also later lead to significant behavioral problems such as aggression. The number one cause for most dogs under 3 years of age to die is mainly because of behavioral issues, not infectious diseases.

Here are some other problems that you might face if you fail to socialize your dog:

  • It can make your dog nervous and hard to handle.
  • It can make your dog sensitive to sound.
  • It can make your dog uncomfortable when other dogs are around.

So you must take socialization as one of the main factors you will need to take care of when it comes to owning a dog.

At What Age Should You Socialize Your Puppy?

You can socialize your puppy when they are between 6 and 8 weeks old. This is the best time to socialize your puppies because they are still young and have manageable energy levels.

Puppies are naturally friendly and accepting of new people, other species, and new situations during their socialization period at this age. 

How To Socialize Your Puppy?


For the first few weeks, it is best to socialize your puppy in a small group of people. Socializing your puppy outside of their home will allow them to get used to sights, sounds, and smells that they may not experience elsewhere.

Expose and introduce your puppy to various peoples, sounds, places, and things such as:

  • An umbrella.
  • Let your puppy walk on tile, carpet, and hardwood floors. 
  • Have him come across children, different types of people (such as a person in a wheelchair). 
  • A vacuum cleaner turned on.
  • Hairdryer and many other objects. 
  • Take them to parks, stores that allow dogs, home depots, basically take them to every place your puppy is supposed to be taken to.
  • Balloons, ceiling fans, electric hair clippers, children’s toys, shopping carts are some of the common objects that dogs fear the most, so make sure you introduce these objects to them. 
  • The sensation of water. Gradually get your puppy used to water by using a hose to spray him (not at full force) or dipping his paws in it. Avoid using buckets of water and dumping it over him.
  • Other domestic and wild animals. 

Puppies should be exposed as gradually as possible to a variety of new experiences and environments so they can get used to them more quickly. 

Isolate the most stressful aspects of the situation (such as riding in a car) so that they are less frightening when you eventually do take your dog out in public with you. This also helps prepare the dog for traveling long distances or putting up with loud noise and crowds more readily than before.

You should keep in mind that socialization does not only mean getting your puppy to meet new dogs and people, but also the new experiences, smells, places, textures, noises, tastes, and places that might be a little bit different than your everyday life.

Related: How to Socialize any dog

Health Concerns When Socializing Your Puppy


It’s not safe for your puppy to explore the outer world until he’s 16 weeks of age and fully vaccinated. The main reason being that at this age, puppies are more at risk of contracting some highly infectious disease such as canine parvovirus. So if your puppy is not fully vaccinated, it is safe to say that he’s not protected from any diseases at all. (1)

However, this age is considered as one of the most critical periods of socialization. So you might be wondering if there are any ways to socialize your puppy without exposing him to illness unnecessarily?

Yes, there is… 

You can start the process before even getting your dog fully vaccinated. But you should be cautious, So to ensure safe socialization until your dog is fully vaccinated, avoid these places at all costs:

  • Beaches.
  • Dog parks.
  • Neighborhood parks.
  • Public areas.
  • Playgroups.
  • Pet stores. 

Tips To Socialize Your Puppy Until He Is Fully Vaccinated

To socialize your puppy with safety until he is fully vaccinated, here are some tips:

  • Allow your puppy to play in your backyard(if you have one) with dogs that you’re familiar with and healthy, and most importantly, vaccinated. 
  • Instead of walking him, carry or use a stroller in order to take him anywhere outside. 
  • Invite your friends and family and even their dogs(only if they’re adequately vaccinated) over to your home to meet your pup.
  • Bring your pooch to a friend’s house, where he can have a safe and environmentally-friendly escapade.
  • Visit stores that allow your pup. It can be a clothing store, bank, or anything(except pet stores), but as I said before, don’t forget to carry him or use a stroller. 
  • Throw a party at your place, invite people of all ages from children, young adults, to the elderly and their dogs if they have one. 
  • Take your puppy on car rides. That’ll help him to get used to the motion.

Consider Puppy Training Classes

Taking your puppy to puppy training classes after he is partially vaccinated is an excellent and safe way to socialize a puppy. These classes will help your puppy socialize with other puppies and their parents and also teach basic obedience skills that every dog needs to know. 

Puppy classes provide an opportunity to guide the puppy and socialization that they need from an expert in a low-stress environment.


Final Thoughts

Puppies experience the world through taste, touch, sight, and sound. Therefore, it is essential to expose them to as many new environments as possible so it will be easier for them when they grow up. In addition, if you want your puppy to be friendly with others and be gentle with strangers, you need to socialize your puppy. 

With patience and consistent training, your puppy can become a well-mannered companion that is easy to train for different situations.

It’s important to note that the process of socializing your puppy never ends. Even after he is thoroughly socialized and grown-up, he will need to be checked on his reactions periodically throughout his life. However, if your puppy is behaving normally, then you can start to have more faith in his behavior and stop checking him constantly.



  1. https://www.petmd.com/dog/infographic/basic-vaccine-schedule-dogs

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Thomas Villalpando is the main author of IPet Guides. He spends his time reading, training, and working with several Dogs' behaviors. You can find more about him here.

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